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Turkeys Iran Paradox

With the talks between the P5+1 and Iran finally coming to an conclusion, a decades old mechanism to change the Middle Eastern balance of power in disadvantage of Iran is nearing its end. The losers in this bargain from a regional point of view are all powers that benefited from the United States containment policy during the last 35 years, thus practically all major Sunni actors in the region, most notably the Gulf
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The Right not to Vote – Why Compulsory Voting cannot save Democracy

In recent years broad debates about the state of representative democracy have reemerged. In stark contrast to the euphoric period after the end of the Cold War, the triumph of democracy in Eastern Europe and Latin America and the postulated End of History (Fukuyama, 1992), the political science community is now debating if representative democracy is again in a state of crisis. The decline in turnout experienced in
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The Tragedy of Strategy: Why Afghanistan is still in Chaos

Last year turned out to be as one of the most turbulent years in Afghan history for a while. In June, the Afghans elected a new government, accompanied by widespread election fraud and an unclear result. It was therefore a case of emergency when U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry promptly flew to Kabul in order to broker a deal between the two rivals Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah. After forming a “unity governme
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Mit Zickzackkurs zum „Brexit“?

Durch den klaren Erfolg David Camerons bei den Unterhauswahlen steht es fest. Spätestens 2017 werden die Briten über den Austritt aus der EU entscheiden. Erleben wir nun also das letzte Kapitel einer vier Jahrzehnte dauernden krisenhaften Partnerschaft, oder geht das Vereinigte Königreich nur seinen Zickzackkurs weiter, um sich innerhalb der Gemeinschaft neuerlich mehr Spielraum zu verschaffen? Am 9. Mai 1950 gab der
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The Turkish Elections and its Consequences

In regard to the loss votes for the AKP one must be fair: considering that the Turkish economy is stagnating, unemployment is rising, the region is in terrible turmoil – both politically and economically – and the appeal of the AKP’s version of conservativism is waning, the party did reasonably well gaining more than 18 million, or 40.7% of the votes1. For most parts this is due to president Erdoğan’s political skill
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Gezi Two Years On

When the Gezi Park protests started a little less than two years ago, no one could have anticipated the scope of the dissent. Turkey underwent an unprecedented decade of economic and societal stability and growth as well as a decade of both external and internal security unseen in modern Turkish history. Yet after eleven years of AKP leadership, millions of people in practically every major city went to the streets a
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Change of Mind

Did Turkey’s foreign policy change or does it only appear so? News about Turkey’s recent support of Iraqi troops in its fight against Daesh (or ISIS) came surprising for most experts (but not all1). Not only did Turkey change its opposing stance against the government in Baghdad, it also started to actively balance the self-proclaimed caliphate. To start with, change of mind (or rather change of tactics) towards Daes
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The Flaws of Turkish-Russian Relations

When Putin visited Turkey on December 1st few expected big results, except the subsequent and long overdue price reduction for Russian natural gas. It seemed that the emotionally charged common history of the countries and the fact that Turkey and Russia are somehow cornered hampers a far reaching deal. Both, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Vladimir Putin, proofed though that they are pragmatists when it comes to economic p
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No Sick Man of Europe no more

Turkey’s shifting foreign policy strategy in the light of its growing political and economic power. Turkey’s current political establishment thinks in an offensive realist way. This is not what distinguishes it from former governments though; it’s the newly gained self-awareness, domestic political leeway and most importantly increased economic resources that does. Those changes altered Turkey’s regional foreign poli
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ISIS UND DIE GRENZEN MILITÄRISCHER MITTEL – EIN KOMMENTAR

  Seitdem die martialische Propaganda von ISIS die Wohnzimmer der Menschen erreicht hat, graben selbst unbekehrbare PazifistInnen das Kriegsbeil aus. Während die einen humanitäre Interventionen fordern, sei es um die KurdInnen in Kobane zu retten oder die Jeziden vom Berg Sinja, sehen andere in ISIS nicht nur eine regionale, sondern sogar eine globale Bedrohung, gegen die man mit allen Mitteln vorgehen müsse. Zuletzt
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