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International Politics

Kashmir and the Problems of Peace

Srinagar, the summer capital of J&K   Triggered by the killing of Burhan Wani, a popular social media activist and separatist leader, protests and riots broke out in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), culminating in at least 80 civilians dead and thousands injured and arrested. According to The Indian Express, more than 280 incidents of skirmishes and shelling between Indian and Pakistani forces have been reported
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Peacebuilding and Violent Extremism

The question whether countries post-conflict should focus on democratization or economic performance to ensure stability has shifted dramatically in the last few decades towards the latter. At the same time these two developments still, or increasingly so, are treated as independent from each other. In the following few paragraphs I will try to point out that not only the notion of economic performance before politic
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Sinusoidal Tendencies – A concise history of political violence in Turkey

Turkey is in the news again. This time supposedly as a major producer of political violence once more, as opposed to the beforehand popular portrayal of a victim of such. In this blog post I will try to analytically reflect the last three decades of political violence (at least the lethal aspect of it) and how that cumulates in today’s rather dire security situation in Turkey. When counting terrorism fatalities (acco
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Russia China Relations: From Strategic Partnership to Regional Rivalry? (Part 3)

Scenario II: Sinification and Russia’s Far East  The Chinese-Russian border has long been an area for concern between the two countries. The Cold War has witnessed border conflicts between China and the Soviet Union, including military build-up alongside the border and multiple frontier incidents (Hsu and Soong, 2014, p.72). But in 2008 a big effort was made to reduce future tensions by signing a joint agreement on t
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Russia China Relations: From Strategic Partnership to Regional Rivalry? (Part 2)

Part 2 Scenarios of Deteriorating Relations The Chinese-Russian relationship has been stable over the last two decades and continues to improve. Even the Russian interventions in Ukraine and in Syria did not lead to deteriorating relations, a scenario some western analysts predicted (Fu Ying, 2016). However, the Chinese response to the crisis in Ukraine gives an insight into the limits of their relation. China was ve
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Russia China Relations: From Strategic Partnership to Regional Rivalry? (Part 1)

Part 1 Ties between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation currently are rather friendly, especially if compared to the conflict-ridden years during the Cold War (Fu Ying, 2016). The first step to better relations was laid down in 1989 when Mikhail Gorbachev paid an official visit to China, marking the normalization of their relations. The relationship subsequently improved, leading to a „str
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Why not at least the European flag?

A critical comment. From a cynical point of view Hashtags like #PrayForParis and the Tricolour-Feature for profile pictures on Facebook seem like marketing strategies to profit from a momentary social media buzz. As well as other (news) media cycles, the Web 2.0 deals in numbers of traffic, views, clicks and hits. So, from an unemotional – maybe even heartless – position these aspects of a tragedy seem like opportuni
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Power Politics, Norms and International Society : A Neoclassical Realist Interpretation

Norms in Constructivist Tradition Beginning with Alexander Wendt’s famous article “Anarchy is what states make of it” (1992: 391-425) the theory of constructivism has increasingly become more important in the study of international relations. Apart from meta-theoretical issues, including epistemology or ontology, constructivism also deals with independent variables which might affect the behavior of states. One
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Syrien: Drama in fünf Akten von Michael Wolf

Fragt man nach den passendsten Schlagwörtern zur Beschreibung der aktuellen innen- und außenpolitischen Geschehnisse, stünden die Termini „Flucht“, „Asyl“ und „Massenmigration“ im Ranking wohl ganz klar vorne. Politik und Medien jonglieren tagtäglich mit diesen Begriffen und suggerieren der Öffentlichkeit sehr eindringlich, welche Aspekte der Flüchtlingskrise gerade „bedeutsam“ und damit vorrangig zu thematisieren se
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Turkey and the Cyprus Issue

How can such a sparsely populated, small plot of land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean arrogate Turkey’s foreign policy, and even thwart its EU accession? The answer has two dimensions, one is Turkey’s problems with its immediate security orbit; the other is the EU’s internal problems in regard to Turkey. While the former is a best practice example of the application of realist theory on actual events, the lat
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